Camels plodding across the
Camels plodding across the desert, and a sense of timelessness evoked by Kitaro's theme music... NHK devoted 17 years to the planning, shooting and production of The Silk Road, which unearthed trade routes linking long-lost civilizations of East and West. A landmark in broadcasting history, this series told the story of the rise and fall of ancient civilizations.
The NHK Tokushu and China's CCTV documentary series The Silk Road began on April 7, 1980. The program started with the memorable scene of a camel caravan crossing the desert against the setting sun, with Kitaro's music and a sense of timelessness. It was the start of an epic televisual poem.
The first journey described in the series began in Chang'an (now Xi'an), at the eastern end of the ancient route. On 450,000 feet of film, the NHK crew recorded the path westward to the Pamir Heights at the Pakistan border and this material was edited to make 12 monthly broadcasts. In response to viewers' requests that the series be extended to cover the Silk Road all the way to Rome, sequels were made over the next 10 years. Seventeen years after the program was conceived, the project was completed.
1) The Glories of Ancient Chang-An
Chang-An - China's old center. The journey begins from Chang-An, current Xi-an that was more than 1,000 years a capital in China, and the melting pot of international influences.
Music does the magic, but there's nothing romantic about the Silk Road. It's all dry barren desert and rocky mountains with ice cold lakes, and merciless sun 9 months of the year.
For the Romans, Palmyra [northeast of Damascus some 100 km.] was the terminus of the famed "Silk Road". Palmyra actually developed into a great city in ancient times--- the meeting point of three major caravan routes 1) bringing goods from China, 2)the "spice route" [items from Goa, the wesr coast of India] and 3) the southerb route, bringing aromatics such as incense and myrrh, apes, tigers and leaopar
Best documentary of all time. I've watched it four times in the last four years.
"Sauma and Markos travelled across northern China with its mixed Chinese, Mongol and Turkic inﬂuences. they travelled west out of Kublai Khan’s immediate domain and into lands controlled by federate khans and opposing warlords. In today’s terms this is the Central Asian states of Kyrgyzstan,Kazakhstan,Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. The long ﬁrst of their journey ended in the city of Maraghah. Maraghah, a city in the northwest of modern Iran, was the capital of the Ilkhanate, Mongol-ruled Persia, which stretched over modern-day Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Iran and Iraq, and took in bits of Turkey and Syria, ruled on behalf of the Great Khan, Kublai, by his brother Hülegü Khan, and his descendants." - The Monks of Kublai Khan: From Beijing to Baghdad and Beyond. By: Gareth Hughes. Oxford, 2009.
The Great-Khan of the Mongol-Empire, Chinese-Emperor, and founder of the Chinese YUAN-DYNASTY: "(KUBLAI-KHAN)," (1215-1294), one of the grandsons of Genghis-Khan. Kublai himself was a devout Tibetan-Buddhist. But he employed advisors and administrators all over his government of different ethnic-groups all across his empire. In fact in China the foreigners had more rights under Mongol rule than the native Han-Chinese. First of all; no one was descrimanted for their religion, the only exception to this under Kublai's reign were the Taoists. But every other group, "(Shi'ite-Persian Muslims, Christian-Armenians, Buddhist-Tanguts, Christian-Georgians, Sunni-Muslim Uyghurs, Manichest Uyghurs, Nestorian-Christian Uyghurs, Nepali and Indian-Hindus, Zoroastrians)," and countless other ethnic and religious groups were given authority in China and given authority over the native Han-Chinese population. At the top were the Mongols, then on the second rung not far from the Mongols were the foreigners, "(Persians, Arabs, Zoroastrians, Uyghurs, Georgians, Armenians, Koreans)," etc., who were often rich and wealthy either through being merchants over government administrators. And at the bottom were the Han-Chinese who were considered inferior to the Mongols and their foreign-allies. Kublai-Khan was significantly lienent to the Chinese-population and their situation under his reign was largely tolerable. However; many of his sucessors were much tougher on the Chinese. And gave more rights to Mongols and Foreigners and the growing tension of alienating the Chinese-majority boiled over until they over threw the Mongols in 1368 C.E., and established the Han-Chinese Ming-Dynasty.
The two Öngüt Nestorian-Christians traveled to Europe to establish closer diplomatic-relations with the Christian-Kingdoms of Europe and the MONGOL-EMPIRE OF THE GREAT-KHAN!!!! And in addition to form an alliance between the Europeans and the Mongols against the Islamic-Mamluke Sultanate of Egypt centered in Cairo. These two men belong to a Central-Asian ethnic-group and smaller-tribe called, "the-Öngüt," were devout Nestorian-Christians who first for atleast the second time in both their lives stopped at Jerusalem in Mamluke-territory. And then traveled through Ilkhanate-territories and the realms of the Turkish-Beyliks through to the Byzantine-Empire first going to Constantinople meeting with the Byzantine Orthodox-Christian Emperor on behalf of the Khan. Then meeting the kings and nobleman in "(Hungary, Bohemia, the Holy Roman-Empire, the Teutonic-Order, some of the Christian-Kingdoms of Northern-Spain, the Kingdom of the Franks/French and eventually as far as England. Meeting with several English-nobleman in the city of Wessex in England. They eventually returned to Beijing "(Khanbaliq)," informing the Khan that many of the European nations including the Franks and the Hungarians were willing to ally with the Mongols against the Mamlukes in Egypt. At this same time "Marco-Polo," had traveled to China from Venice and became an advisor and close-friend of the Khan. One journey of a man going West to East, and two other men going from East to West.
Drug trafficking, illegal
Drug trafficking, illegal weapons sales and crowd funded assassinations were all just a click away. But with the founder of this deep web emporium now facing life in jail, what’s next for Silk Road? Welcome to WatchMojo News, the weekly series from http://www.WatchMojo.com where we break down news stories that might be on your radar. In this instalment, we’re counting down 10 crucial facts you should know about the modern day Silk Road.
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This is wrong on so many levels.
silkroad is up
By the way, for anybody that is interested: There is no "opioid" crisis. What a bunch of baloney!
5 - NO way could Silk Road be shut down. I'm absolutely sure it's running on the dark net under a new name.
Why are drugs illegal?
The purpose of sharing
The purpose of sharing this video clip is for the students to learn that Silk Road is the internet highway of ancient times.
What is Silk Road? The Silk Road was a network of trade routes that connected the East and West and was central to the economic, cultural, political, and religious interactions between these regions from the 2nd century BCE to the 18th century. The Silk Road primarily refers to the land routes connecting East Asia and Southeast Asia with South Asia, Persia, the Arabian Peninsula, East Africa, and Southern Europe.